Careers and Occupations
What’s the difference between a job and a career?
A job is something temporary and often an experience building stepping stone on the path to your career. A job can also be something you do “in the mean time” to earn money. For example, students often work as bartenders or take waitressing jobs whilst studying, to earn extra income. In addition, volunteering your skills or services for a period of time will enhance your CV, and is seen as valued work experience.
Careers are long-term. Your career is built over your lifetime as you develop knowledge, skills and experience. For example, you may find that you went to college to be a designer (a profession) and took a job as a waitress to earn to extra money. After completing your studies, you realised you preferred the waitressing job and decided to open your own restaurant. Your job as a waitress was the first step on your career path in catering and hospitality.
Work and Employment
Work can involve all sorts of things, from thinking to physically performing any kind of action. Eating, sleeping, house work and homework, broadly speaking, are all types of work. Work therefore, is any kind of mental or physical action which achieves a result. The word is normally attributed however, to tasks and duties set by an employer. Employment means to have a job.
So, what’s an occupation?
An occupation is similar to a job, however it is a broad term which covers all trades and professions.
Tradespeople and Professionals
Tradespeople typically include construction workers, electricians, carpenters, plumbers etc. Although these occupations require a level of technical skill and knowledge and also require individuals to carry out their duties in a professional manner, they are not generally considered professions.
Professionals work within particular codes of conduct, involving ethical and moral obligations. Typical professionals are teachers, lawyers and doctors. Professionals take higher education courses to gain the required level of skills and knowledge to perform their work-related duties.
The military or armed forces consist of the army, air force and navy.
Clerical and administration workers are broad and far-reaching. This group includes accountants, receptionists and human resources to name a few.
This A – Z index of job profiles has hundreds of job profiles and explains the skills and qualifications needed for each. It’s also good to know about Your Rights at Work and how to seek advice if you need to.
- Careers and Occupations Quiz
- Helping children with their homework
- Considering careers for your child
- Reading job adverts
- Finding another job
- Self-employed and voluntary
- Personal Details Form
- Talking about work
- My first day at work