Parts of Speech

Parts-of-Speech-for-Beginners

 

Verbs express action or a state of being.

Example sentences:

  1. He is a teacher.
  2. I will write you a postcard.
  3. They’ll have to run!

 

 

Nouns are naming words.  They name people, animals, places, and things.

Example sentences:

  1. I’m Shelly.
  2. Could you pass the salt?
  3. I don’t know how to use a computer.

 

 

Adjectives are describing words.

Example sentences:

  1. She’s an expert at small talk.
  2. It’s important to be polite.
  3. They’re English.

 

 

Adverbs tell you how and when.

Example sentences:

  1. I’ve never been to Russia.
  2. Will you be open tomorrow?
  3. He drives carefully.

 

 

Conjunctions are joining words.

Example sentences:

  1. She got an A grade because she studied.
  2. You can go out if you want to.
  3. Vegetables are good for you, although you may not like them.

 

 

Pronouns replace nouns.  They help to stop repetition.

Example sentences:

  1. Alessandro has two brothers. He also has three sisters.
  2. It‘s not snowing today!
  3. Kim and Terry are lovely. Have you met them yet?

 

 

Prepositions show how things are related.

Example sentences:

  1. There’s a room to rent above the furniture shop.
  2. I’ll let you know when I’m near.
  3. The flight leaves at 3 p.m.

 

 

Interjections express strong feeling/emotion.

Example sentences:

  1. You got a new job! Congratulations!
  2. I should’ve done the washing up before…Yuck!
  3. I can’t believe it costs that much! Wow!

 

 

Articles are used with a noun to make it specific or non-specific.

Example sentences:

  1. I have an appointment in the morning.
  2. I used to live in a semi-detached house.
  3. I’ve never used an alarm clock.

 

 

Participles are generally formed by adding –ing, –d, or –ed to a verb.

Example sentences:

  1. Talking in the library is not allowed.
  2. They lived in Scotland when they were growing up.
  3. That scene was filmed well.

 

 

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