Parts of SpeechParts-of-Speech-for-Beginners
Verbs express action or a state of being.
- He is a teacher.
- I will write you a postcard.
- They’ll have to run!
Nouns are naming words. They name people, animals, places, and things.
- I’m Shelly.
- Could you pass the salt?
- I don’t know how to use a computer.
Adjectives are describing words.
- She’s an expert at small talk.
- It’s important to be polite.
- They’re English.
Adverbs tell you how and when.
- I’ve never been to Russia.
- Will you be open tomorrow?
- He drives carefully.
Conjunctions are joining words.
- She got an A grade because she studied.
- You can go out if you want to.
- Vegetables are good for you, although you may not like them.
Pronouns replace nouns. They help to stop repetition.
- Alessandro has two brothers. He also has three sisters.
- It‘s not snowing today!
- Kim and Terry are lovely. Have you met them yet?
Prepositions show how things are related.
- There’s a room to rent above the furniture shop.
- I’ll let you know when I’m near.
- The flight leaves at 3 p.m.
Interjections express strong feeling/emotion.
- You got a new job! Congratulations!
- I should’ve done the washing up before…Yuck!
- I can’t believe it costs that much! Wow!
Articles are used with a noun to make it specific or non-specific.
- I have an appointment in the morning.
- I used to live in a semi-detached house.
- I’ve never used an alarm clock.
Participles are generally formed by adding –ing, –d, or –ed to a verb.
- Talking in the library is not allowed.
- They lived in Scotland when they were growing up.
- That scene was filmed well.