Five forms of the verb
Verbs are one of the eight parts of speech and are used to express action or a state of being. For example, laugh is a regular verb meaning ‘to produce laughter‘.
This part of speech has five forms:
- The Infinitive
- Simple Present
- Simple Past
- Past Participle
- Present Participle
The infinitive or base form is the simplest form of the verb. It has no suffix. This form of the verb is used in dictionaries.
In the simple present, the suffix -s or –es is added to most base forms of a verb when it follows a 3rd person singular subject e.g. “he laughs, she laughs“.
Simple past forms of regular verbs end with -d or -ed.
Note: A participle is a word which is generally formed by adding –ing, –d, or –ed to the end of a verb. Participles are sometimes classed as parts of speech.
As with the simple past, regular verbs will end with -d or -ed in this form.
Present participle forms of the verb always end in -ing.
Regular and Irregular Verbs
There are many different types of verb. Some of these verbs are called regular verbs and others are known as irregular verbs. The difference between a regular and irregular verb is the simple past and past participle formation.
- Regular verbs are consistent
- Irregular verbs are not consistent